Many IHRA Member Countries confront common challenges domestically, and overcoming these can often benefit from sharing knowledge at the intergovernmental level. The IHRA’s working definitions of antisemitism (2016) and Holocaust denial and distortion (2013 ) – drafted by IHRA experts and approved by IHRA Member Countries – provide an essential mutual starting point for addressing these issues at the national level.

Our working definitions and charters are available in multiple languages. Click on each individual document to see which languages the resource is available in. While we try to ensure the accuracy of all of our translations, in the event of any discrepancies the English translation takes precedence. 

International Memorial Museums Charter

The International Memorial Museums Charter (adopted in 2012) puts forth internationally agreed principles and ethics for commemorating the victims of the Holocaust, helping to avoid the politicization or nationalization of their memory.

Working Definition of Holocaust Denial and Distortion

The Working Definition of Holocaust Denial and Distortion was adopted by the IHRA in October 2013. To guide the IHRA in its work, IHRA’s Committee on Antisemitism and Holocaust Denial drafted a paper on Holocaust distortion and denial. The paper is a living document which will be regularly updated.

Working Definition of Antisemitism

The Working Definition of Antisemitism was adopted by the IHRA in May 2016 during the Romanian Chairmanship. To find out more, please refer to our Fact Sheet. Information on adoptions or endorsements of the Working Definition is based on information provided to the IHRA by Member and Liaison Countries.

Working Definition of Holocaust-related Materials

The Working Definition of Holocaust-related Materials outlines which types of materials can be considered to fall under "Holocaust-Related Materials".

Working Definition of Antigypsyism/Anti-Roma Discrimination

The IHRA adopted the Working Definition of Antigypsyism/Anti-Roma Discrimination by consensus in an extraordinary Heads of Delegation meeting on 8 October 2020. 

The Stockholm Declaration on the Holocaust. IHRA