Janusz Korczak

On 9 August the annual ceremony marking the murder of Janusz Korczak, Stefa Wilczynska and the children of the orphanage of the Warsaw ghetto will be held at Yad Vashem.

The ceremony will take place at Janusz Korczak Square within the Yad Vashem complex at 4pm.

Janusz Korczak was the pen name of Henryk Goldszmit, a Polish-born doctor, author and educator. Born in Warsaw to an assimilated Jewish family, Korczak dedicated his life to caring for children, particularly orphans. In 1912 Korczak became the director of a Jewish orphanage "Dom Sierot" in Warsaw. When the Jews of Warsaw were forced to move into a ghetto, Korczak refocused his efforts on the children in his orphanage. Despite offers from Polish friends to hide him on the "Aryan" side of the city, Korczak refused to abandon the children.

In August 1942, during a 2-month wave of deportations from the ghetto, the Nazis rounded up Korczak, Wilczynska and the 200 children of the orphanage and sent them to Treblinka, where they were all murdered.