“We share a commitment to commemorate the victims of the Holocaust and to honour those who stood against it.”
-- Declaration of the Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust
A special exhibition in honour of Scottish missionary Jane Haining was opened in the Holocaust Memorial Centre in Budapest. Miss Haining, who grew up near Dumfries, served as Matron at the Scottish Mission school in Budapest during the 1930s and 1940s. Against advice from Church of Scotland officials, Miss Haining remained in Budapest during the Holocaust. Arrested in 1944 and charged with working with Jews, Miss Haining was taken to the German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in occupied Poland where she died aged 47.
Jane Haining, the matron of the Scottish School in Budapest started her work in the Hungarian capital 85 years ago. The Holocaust Memorial Center in Budapest marked this anniversary, as well as the 120th anniversary of her birth and 20th anniversary of her recognition as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem with an exhibition devoted to her life and heroism.
The Scottish School, established in the mid-nineteenth century, had been maintained by the Church of Scotland’s Mission in Budapest. During the time of Jane Haining’s work at the institution, more than half of the students was Jewish. Following the German occupation of Hungary in spring of 1944, the building of the School served as a shelter for Jewish people who had to go hiding. The boarding school managed by Jane Haining continued to accommodate Jewish girls, despite the fact that the school year had been cut short and they were supposed to leave the institution.
The German police arrested Jane Haining on 25 April 1944. Following the arrest, the staff of the School took the students to safe locations, providing a chance for many of them to survive.
At the opening of the exhibition that will remain open to visitors until March 2018, Ágnes Berényi, a former student described Ms. Haining’s last moments at the school. “I’ll be back by lunch” she said to the group of frightened girls. In May, she was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau and murdered on 17 July 1944.
Her last letter, written just two days before her death is preserved at the Scottish National Library in Edinburgh. Her courage and humanity is remembered in Budapest.
Miss Haining is the only Scot to be officially honoured at the Yad Vashem memorial in Israel for giving her life to help protect Jews during the Holocaust.
Photo credit: HDKE / Robert Balogh